Diabetes Mellitus, more commonly referred to as Diabetes, describes a metabolic disorder in which a person has high blood sugar, either because they do not produce enough insulin or because the cells do not respond to the insulin produced.
- Type I Diabetes, Insulin Dependant Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) or Juvenile Diabetes is an autoimmune condition that leads to destruction of the beta cells that make insulin. Patients need insulin to live. This usually occurs before the age of forty.
- Type II Diabetes, Non Insulin Dependant Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) or Adult Onset Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterised by high blood glucose levels.
Diabetes Insipidus describes the condition resulting from too little vasopressin that controls water and salt balance. For more information see under pituitary disorders.