The endocrine system is a system of glands, each of which secretes a type of hormone into the bloodstream to regulate the body. Hormones are substances (chemical mediators) released from endocrine tissue into the bloodstream that attach to target tissue and allow communication among cells. Hormones regulate many functions of the body, including mood, growth and development, tissue function and metabolism.
The major endocrine glands include the pineal, pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, pancreas, ovaries and testes. At the endocrine clinic we treat and manage all endocrine disorders including, but not exclusively, those listed below.
The adrenal glands are triangular shaped glands that sit on top of the kidney’s and are mainly responsible for releasing stress hormones, including cortisol and adrenaline.
Discover more about adrenal disorders including Addison’s disease and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.
Discover more about Type I diabetes (Insulin dependant Diabetes Mellitus) and Type II Diabetes (non Insulin Dependant Diabetes Mellitus).
The parathyroid glands are small glands located in the neck that produce parathyroid hormone (PTH) and are responsible for controlling the amount of calcium in the blood and within the bones.
Discover more about Hyperparathyroidism and Hypoparathyroidism.
The pituitary gland is a small gland, about the size of a pea, located in a bony hollow called the pituitary fossa, behind the bridge of the nose at the base of the brain. It secretes hormones that regulate homeostasis, which is the ability or tendancy of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes. It controls the thyroid, adrenals, testes in men, ovaries in women, breast and milk production in females and growth, it also regulates the water and salt balance in the body.
Discover more about pituitary disorders including Acromegaly, Cushing’s Syndrome, Craniopharyngioma, Diabetes Insipidus, Hypopituitarism and Prolactimona’s.
The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. It produces hormones that influence the activity of all cells in the body.
Discover more about thyroid disorders including Hyperthyroidism, Grave’s disease, Over/Under active Thyroid, Thyroiditis, Goitre and Thyroid Cancers.
Discover more about other endocrine disorders including Neuroendocrine tumours (Phaeochromocytoma/Carcinoid), Growth Hormone Deficiency and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)